Vertigo is a symptom, rather than a condition itself. It is a sensation that you, or the environment around you, is moving or spinning. It makes difficult to keep you balanced and interferes everyday tasks. This condition can develop suddenly and last for a few moments/seconds or may last much longer.
What causes vertigo?
Vertigo is caused by the inner ear problems, and due to brain problems.
Causes of vertigo may include:
- Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) – where certain head movements trigger vertigo
- Migraines – severe headaches
- Labyrinthitis – an inner ear infection
- Vestibular Neuronitis – inflammation of the Vestibular nerve, which runs into the inner ear and sends messages to the brain that help to control balance
Depending on the condition causing vertigo, you may experience additional symptoms, such as a high temperature, ringing in your ears (tinnitus) and hearing loss.
How is vertigo treated?
Some cases of vertigo improve over time, without treatment. However, some people have repeated episodes for many months, or even years, such as those with Ménière’s disease.
There are specific treatments for some causes of vertigo. A series of simple head movements (known as the Epley manoeuvre) is used to treat BPPV.
Many people with vertigo also benefit from vestibular rehabilitation training (VRT), which is a series of exercises for people with dizziness and balance problems.